In genealogy, we encounter stories that seem amazing, but we have to stop and ask, are they true? Read one family story and learn how to evaluate it for accuracy.
The follow handwritten account references the death of my 3rd great grandfather, Joseph Geißler. This legend has been handed down through the generations.
The story reads:
“Henry’sfather was on horseback and rode into Fort Hayes. Guard yelled Halt. He only spoke German and as the story went didn’t understand. So the guard shot him and he died. His widow married a Billman and loved on a farm in Georgesville. As a boy, this is where my dad visited and remembered his grandmother driving her horse.”
How would you go about deciding what is fact and what is fiction in a family legend?
When you have a family legend, you can work through the story to determine the validity of the story. First, identify the persons and the places in the story:
- Henry Geiszler’s father is Joseph Geißler.
- Joseph’s widow is Caroline (Mack)
- She married Michael Billman
- The Billmans had a farm Georgesville, Franklin County, Ohio.
- “My Dad” is Margie Wasson’s father George Joseph Geiszler, son of Henry Geiszler (of this writing). “His Grandmother” once again is Caroline Billman.
So, the 2nd great-granddaughter of Joseph Geißler wrote down the story about her 2nd great-grandfather’s death. She also mentioned her father’s trip to the 2nd great-grandmother’s second husband’s farm.
Determine if the facts mentioned in the story make sense
How do I prove or disprove that Joseph was killed outside Fort Hayes because he was German and told to ‘halt’ but didn’t understand?
Did Joseph no understand the word “Halt”?
“Halt” has the same meaning both German and English.
If Joseph was told to “halt,” he would have understood the command. Why would someone make up this story about not understanding a word that has the same meaning? Was this an attempt to cover the actual facts of the death.
What can we learn about Fort Hayes?
Fort Hayes was not in existence in 1863. Camp Chase preceded Fort Hayes. The Columbus Barracks existed before Fort Hayes at the time of Joseph’s death.
Why are their inconsistencies?
Joseph did die at the time of the Civil War. He was an immigrant from German and it’s unclear whether he learned English in the few years he had settled in Ohio. He attended a German-language Catholic church, so perhaps he didn’t understand English. These are verifiable facts.
Everything else is now suspect.
It’s entirely possible that Joseph was killed in miscommunication episode with the soldiers preparing to protect Columbus during the Civil War. However, this could be a cover story for an uncomfortable demise.
No matter what story is handed down in your family, even if it is written, DO NOT accept without vetting the story. Evaluate all information to find the truth.
Do Not Discard False or Questionable Stories
Record the family legends and stories in your families, including the questionable ones. Take time to raise questions and record those alongside what facts are suspect. You can put to rest the false stories and challenge relatives to seek a more accurate truth. Don’t be surprised when your family dislikes the legends you prove false.